Ice Melt Products
Quad Select provides fast and powerful results, even in subzero temperatures to -15 degrees, and contains a water-based, non-staining blue indicator dye to make the application process more efficient. Works on concrete, asphalt, brick and wood surfaces.
American Rock Salt
American Rock Salt is available in 50 pound bags. It begins melting ice quickly and keeps it melting for an extended period of time. This is made possible through multiple sized crystals- the smallest crystals dissolve quickly while the larger crystals last longer, reducing the amount of rock salt needed to get the job done.
Ice Patrol Rock Salt
Ice Patrol rock salt is optimally sized for maximum performance and flows freely through commerical spreaders. Economical, cleaner and whiter, and easy to use.
Majic Melt w/ CMA
Majic Melt contains magnesium chloride, one of the fastest de-icers on the market, and begins melting immediately upon contact by generating heat. Majic Melt effectively melts to -10F and is low in corrosiveness to metals and safer on blacktop and concrete.
Majic Melt contains a proprietary blend of chlorides effective in melting ice to -10 degrees. It is environmentally and pet friendly, and a great choice for sidewalks.
Simple & Safe
Simple & Safe Ice Melter has been carefully formulated to be the safer alternative to traditional rock salt. This product is a 100% all-natural ice melter and was created with the environment in mind. Simple & Safe Ice Melter is colored and stands out against ice and snow. This allows precise spreading of the product, preventing over application and essentially saving you money.
Magnesium Chloride Flakes
MAG melts ice effectively at temperatures as low as -13F, considerably lower than most other products. MAG is the proven professional grade snow and ice melter that delivers safe surfaces for commercial and residential building owners and facilities managers.
Magnesium Chloride Pellets
Providing the same melting power as MAG Flakes, but in pellet form. The spherical shape provides performance benefits as their interface allows them to bore into and under the icy surface, creating a brine underneath.
FAQs About Ice Melters
Winter’s wrath can be ferocious at times, with snow and ice often accompanying frigid temperatures. Snow and ice can build up quickly, creating a hazard for employees, customers, delivery personnel and others. Ice melters can eliminate the hazard; however, that is only if the proper ice melter is used for the temperature and surface.
Can anything be used to counteract salt damage to turf & vegetation?
Yes. Making an application of Gypsum at a rate of 20-40 pounds per 1000 sf in late fall, prior to snowfall, will help minimize damage on turfgrass and in ornamental plantings.
How do deicers work?
For a deicer to be effective in melting ice & snow, it must first create a brine solution with a lower freezing point than that of the surrounding ice & snow. However, not all deicers create a brine solution in the same manner. Some deicers create a brine solution by creating their own heat via a chemical reaction while other deicers must first absorb heat. It is this brine solution that melts ice & snow until which time the brine solution becomes diluted to a point that it is no longer effective. Then the particular deicer must be reapplied. If the snow is more that 2 inches deep, plow or shovel first, then spread the deicer. Deicers should never be applied applied directly on trees, shrubs, flower beds, ground cover or turf areas. Some deicers have the potential to cause burn or plant damage. Always be sure to follow all label instructions when applying ice melters.
What Factors Should Be Considered Before Choosing an Ice Melter?
Many people do not realize there are significant differences among ice melters. Because an ice melter is used to get rid of a hazard that could lead to injuries or worse, it is important to understand what type of ice melter will best meet your needs and your budget. Consider the following:
- Melting speed: This is how quickly a liquid brine will be formed and begin to melt the snow and ice.
- Cost: Ice melters containing salt or potassium are less expensive than those containing calcium chloride or magnesium chloride. However, there are times when only the more expensive ice melters will provide the needed results.
- Damage to concrete: The damage to concrete comes from water entering small cracks or pores, then freezing, thawing and refreezing. None of the ice melters commonly used today will damage concrete; however, deicers should not be used on concrete that has not cured for a year.
- Worker exposure: Calcium chloride and magnesium chloride ice melters do present hazards to workers, such as skin and eye irritation. Safety precautions listed on the ice melter should always be followed.
- Corrosion resistance: Metal surfaces such as aluminum or steel require the use of an ice melter that protects the metal’s integrity. Currently, only those deicers that contain calcium magnesium acetate or urea are recognized as safe for metal surfaces.
Will a Deicer Harm Vegetation?
Depending on the type of ice melter used, vegetation may be harmed. There are three ways that vegetation may be damaged: salt spray, salty soils and sodic soils. Salt spray occurs when the deicer makes contact with the bark, leaves, buds and other new growth. This can inhibit leafing and flowering in the spring. Salty soils can kill some plants and prevent any new growth. Sodic soils are those containing clay that when mixed with sodium, end up creating a layer of soil impermeable to water. The two deicers that have the least harmful effect on vegetation are urea and potassium, both of which are used as fertilizers.
Do deicers attack & damage concrete?
Most common deicers do not chemically attack concrete. Scaling and spalling of concrete is in fact caused by moisture thawing and refreezing (referred to as freeze / thaw cycles) within the concrete surface. However, good quality, air entrained concrete is resistant to scaling and spalling during freeze / thaw cycles.
Can deicers be used on new concrete?
It is not recommended to use any type of deicer on concrete that is less than 1 year old. Concrete will take up to a year to fully cure. If a deicer must be used, it is at the risk of the user. It is advised in this situation that the deicer be used very sparingly, and once it has penetrated the ice and snow. The slush should be removed immediately to minimize any possible damage to the concrete surface.
Can deicers be used on decorative pavers?
As the use of concrete, brick, flagstone, limestone and marble pavers grows, so does the concern for the effects that chemical deicers have on them. It is not recommended that any type of deicer be used on flagstone, limestone and marble pavers. It is also recommended that the use of deicers be avoided on brick and concrete pavers set in mortar. For brick and concrete pavers not set in mortar, certain deicers may be used.
What Are Other Possible Issues with Deicers?
Some of the deicers can create cleaning problems, both outside and inside. For example, calcium chloride and magnesium chloride can create oily, slick surfaces when tracked indoors. In addition, the residue can be difficult to remove from carpet fibers. Also, it is best to avoid deicers that have high levels of colorants or clay content. These will be less likely to leave stains or cause problems with cleaning.
Deicers that contain added traction materials, such as sand, lime or gravel, can leave that material on the ground after the deicer is gone. This material can be tracked inside and cause severe damage to hardwood floors. The traction material can be difficult to remove from carpeted areas. Traction materials also do not increase or decrease the formation of brine.
It is important to remember that moisture is what causes ice melters to work by forming a liquid brine. Ice melters that contain calcium chloride or magnesium chloride can quickly turn to a solid mass in the wrong storage environment; however, there is less likely to be a storage problem if they are used as part of an ice melter blend.
A Final Thought
Deicers should only be purchased after considering all of the above factors. Temperature, cost, corrosion, worker safety, storage and more should all be carefully considered. Because deicers are used to remove ice and snow to prevent accidents and injuries, it is important to use a deicer that will provide the desired results.
Professional Ice Melter Information Guide
Below are links to some very useful information for ice melt products and their characteristics.
How De-icers Work
Potential Damage to Concrete
Worker Exposure Consideration
Side Effects to Vegetation
Corrosiveness to Metals
Volume Melted - Shelf Life
Ice Melt Properties